Sığırlarda Trafik Kirliliğinin Bazı Hematolojik Parametreler, Lipid Peroksidasyonu ve Ozmotik Zar Direnci Üzerine Etkilerinin Değerlendirilmesi

Nurgül ATMACA, Hüsamettin EKİCİ, Ebru YILDIRIM, Miyase ÇINAR, Bayram GÜNER
521 166

Öz


Bu çalışma, trafik kirliliğinin sığırlarda bazı hematolojik parametreler, lipid peroksidasyonu ve eritrosit ozmotik direnci üzerine olan etkilerinin araştırılması amacıyla yapıldı. Çalışmada ana yola 300 m uzaklıkta yaşayan (araştırma grubu, n=24) ve ana yola 2.5 km uzaklıkta yaşayan (kontrol grubu, n=14) toplam 38 sığır kullanıldı. Hayvanlardan alınan kan örneklerinde bazı kan parametreleri, eritrositte lipid peroksidasyonunun bir indikatörü olan malondialdehit (MDA) düzeyi ve eritrosit ozmotik direnci belirlendi. Araştırma grubunda bulunan hayvanlarda MDA düzeyinin daha yüksek olduğu (P<0.05) bulundu. Diğer parametrelerde ise gruplar arasında fark bulunamadı. Elde edilen sonuçlar trafik kirliliğinin eritrositlerde lipid peroksidasyonunu uyardığını, bununla birlikte kan parametreleri ve eritrosit zar direnci üzerine herhangi bir etkisinin bulunmadığını gösterdi.


Anahtar kelimeler


Kan, Lipid peroksidasyonu, Ozmotik direnç, Sığır, Trafik kirliliği.

Tam metin:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17094/avbd.63566

Referanslar


Arıkan Ş., 2003. A comparison of the effect of methylβ-cyclodextrin on the osmotic fragility of ovine, bovine and human erythrocytes. Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, 27, 383-3

Arslan HH., Sarıpınar-Aksu D., Ozdemir S., Yavuz O., Or ME., Barutcu UB., 2011. Evaluation of the relationship of blood heavy metal, trace element levels and antioxidative metabolism in cattle which are living near the trunk roads. Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Kafkas University, 17 (Suppl A), 77-82.

Bauman JW., Liu J., Klaassen CD., 1993. Production of metallothionein and heat-shock proteins in response to metals. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, 21, 15-22.

Bilge U., Çimrin KM., 2013. Viranşehir-Kızıltepe karayolu kenarındaki topraklarda motorlu taşıtlardan kaynaklanan ağır metal kirliliği. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 19, 323-329.

Buege JA., Aust SD., 1978. Microsomal lipid peroxidation methods. Methods in Enzymology, 52, 302-310.

Campo G., Orsi M., Badino G., Giacomelli R., Spezzano P., 1996. Evaluation of motorway pollution in a mountain ecosystem. Pilot project: Susa Valley (Northwest Italy) years 1990–1994. Science of The Total Environment, 189/190, 161–166.

Çetin N., Eşsiz D., Eraslan G., Saltaş H., 2004. Effects of chronic lead intake via drinking water on some hematologic parameters in mice. Erciyes University Journal of Health Sciences, 13, 59-63. Faulkner WR., King JW., 1970. Manual of clinical laboratory procedures. 2th ed., 354, Chemical Rubber Company, Cleveland, Ohio.

Fukumoto K., Karai I., Horiguchi S., 1983. Effect of lead on erythrocyte membranes. British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 40, 220–223.

Gurer H., Ozgünes H., Neal R., Spitz DR., Ercal N., 19 Antioxidant effects of N-acetylcysteine and succimer in red blood cells from leadexposed rats. Toxicology, 128, 181–189. Gurer-Orhan H., Sabir HU., Ozgüneş H., 2004. Correlation between clinical indicators of lead poisoning and oxidative stress parameters in controls and lead-exposed workers. Toxicology, 195, 147-154.

Hatherill GO., Till PA., Ward PA., 1991. Mechanisms of oxidant-induced changes in erythrocytes. Agents Actions, 32, 351–358.

İlkılıç C., Behcet R., 2006. Hava kirliliğinin insan sağlığı ve çevre üzerindeki etkisi. Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi Araştırmaları, 5, 66–72.

Kolanjiappan K., Manoharan S., Kayalvizhi M., 2002. Measurement of erythrocyte lipids, lipid peroxidation, antioxidants and osmotic fragility in cervical cancer patients. Clinica Chimica Acta, 326, 143–149.

Kostıć MM., Ognjanovıć B., Dimitrijević S., Zikić RV., Stajn A., Rosić GL., Zivković RV., 1993a. Cadmium induced changes of antioxidant and metabolic status in red blood cells of rats: in vivo effects. European Journal of Haematology, 51, 86-92.

Kostıć MM., Ognjanovıć B., Zikić RV., Stajn A., Rosić GL., 1993b. Effects of cadmium on antioxidant enzymes, glutathione and lipid peroxidation in brown adipose tissue. Iugoslavica Physiologica et Pharmacologica Acta, 29, 137-145.

Li X., Liu PS., 2001. Heavy metal contamination of urban soils and street dusts in Hong Kong. Applied Geochemistry, 16, 1361-1368.

Monteiro HP., Abdalla DSP., Arcuri AS., Bechara EJH., 19 Oxygen toxicity related to exposure to lead. Clinical Chemistry, 31, 1673–1676.

Monteiro HP., Abdalla DSP., Augusto O., Bechara EJH.,1989. Free radical generation during daminolevulinic acid autoxidation: induction by hemoglobin and connections with porphyrinpathies. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 271, 206–216.

Mousa HM., Al-Qarawi AA., Ali BH., Abdel Rahman HA., ElMougy SA., 2002. Effect of lead exposure on the erythrocytic antioxidant levels in goats. Journal of Veterinary Medicine A Physiology Pathology Clinical Medicine, 49, 531-534.

Nam DH., Lee DP., 2006. Monitoring for Pb and Cd pollution using feral pigeons in rural, urban, and industrial environments of Korea. Science of the Total Environment, 357, 288-295.

Ognjanović BI., Pavlović SZ., Maletić SD., Zikić RV., Stajn AS., Radojicić RM., Saicić ZS., Petrović VM., 200 Protective influence of vitamin E on antioxidant defense system in the blood of rats treated with cadmium. Physiological Research, 52, 563-570. Özçelik D., Toplan S., Darıyerli N., Gülyaşar T., Dursun Ş., 2000. Diyetle alınan kurşunun eritrosit osmotik direnç ve kan viskozitesine etkilerinin araştırılması. Cerrahpaşa Tıp Dergisi, 30, 1291

Pyszel A., Wróbel T., Szuba A., Andrzejak R., 2005. Effect of metals, benzene, pesticides and ethylene oxide on the haematopoietic system. Medycyna Pracy, 56, 249-255.

Quinlan GJ., Halliwell B., Moorhouse CP., Gutteridge JMC., 1988. Action of lead (II) and aluminium ions on iron-stimulated lipid peroxidation in liposomes, erythrocytes and rat liver microsomal fractions. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 962, 196–200.

Rice-Evans C., 1990. Iron-mediated oxidative stress and erythrocytes. In “Blood Cell Biochemistry”, Ed., JR Harris, 1th ed., 429–453, Plenum Press, New York.

Sarkar S., Yadav P., Trivedi R., Bansal AK., Bhatnager D., 1995. Cadmium-induced lipid peroxidation and the status antioxidant system in rat tissues. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 9, 144-149.

Şanlı Y., 2002. Metaller ve diğer organik zehirler. In “Veteriner Klinik Toksikoloji”, 185-252, Medipres Yayınevi, Ankara.

Tomei G., Ciarrocca M., Capozzella A., Fiaschetti M., Tomao E., Cangemi C., Rosati MV., Cerratti D., Anzani MF., Pimpinella B., Monti C., Tomei F., 200 Hemopoietic system in traffic police exposed to urban stressors. Industrial Health, 46, 298-301. Van Ginkel G., Sevanian A., 1994. Lipid peroxidation induced membrane structural alterations. Methods in Enzymology, 233, 273–288.

Yılmaz O., 2002. Cadmium and lead levels in human liver and kidney samples obtained from Bursa Province. International. Journal of Environmental Health Research, 12, 181-185.