Investigation of Tick- and Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses in Blacksea Region

Harun ALBAYRAK, Emre OZAN, Abdullah CAVUNT, Hamza KADİ, Mitat KURT, Cenk BOLUKBASI, Zafer PEKMEZCİ, Selma KAYA
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Öz


Species within the Flavivirus genus pose public health problems around the world. Increasing cases of Dengue and Japanese encephalistis virus in Asia, frequent outbreaks of Yellow fever virus in Africa and South America, and the ongoing spread of West Nile virus throughout the America, show the geographical burden of flavivirus diseases. In this study, a total of 2340 adult ticks (675 hard tick pools) collected from the variety of mammalian species (cattle, sheep, goat and buffalo) and 3226 mosquitoes (142 mosquito pools) including Culex spp., Anopheles spp., Aedes spp., and Culicoides spp., trapped in Blacksea  region  of  northern  Turkey  were  surveyed  for  the presence  of RNA  from  mosquito-borne  flaviviruses  (MBFV)  and tick-borne flaviviruses (TBFV) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. No flavivirus genomic RNA was detected in these samples. This is the first study about both the TBFV and MBFV infections in Turkey.

Anahtar kelimeler


Kene, RT-PZR, Sinek, Türkiye, Vektör-taşıyıcılı flavivirus.

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Referanslar


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