AB ÜLKELERİ KARŞISINDA TÜRK TARIMININ REKABET GÜCÜ: DİNAMİK VERİ ZARFLAMA ANALİZİ

Mehmet KARACUKA, Ertuğrul Deliktaş, Halil Tunca
1.865 505

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ÖZET

Tarım sektöründe gerçekleştirilecek verimlilik artışı özellikle gelişmekte olan ülkeler için sürdürülebilir bir ekonomik büyümenin temel kaynağı olarak gösterilmektedir. Sürdürülebilir büyümenin sağlanabilmesi için kaynakların optimal düzeyde dağıtılması ve maksimum verimin elde edilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu çalışmada Türkiye ve 26 Avrupa Birliği üyesi ülkelerin tarımsal etkinlik düzeyleri 1992-2006 dönemini için ölçülmektedir. Uzun dönem etkinlik düzeylerinin ölçülmesinde ekonomik karar birimlerinin dönemlerarası davranışlarının modellenmesine olanak veren Dinamik Veri Zarflama Analizi Yaklaşımı kullanılmıştır. Çalışma bulgularına göre Avrupa Birliği içinde gelişmiş ülkelerin dinamik etkinlik skorları diğer ülkelere göre daha yüksek düzeylerdedir. Türkiye’nin dinamik etkinlik skoru ise 0.520 olarak ölçülmüştür. Çoğu Avrupa Birliği üyesi ülkelerin aksine Türkiye tarımında genel etkinsizliğin kaynağı olarak statik faktörlerin daha dominant olduğu görülmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Dinamik Veri Zarflama Analizi, tarım, etkinlik, Avrupa Birliği, Türkiye. 

 


Anahtar kelimeler


Dinamik Veri Zarflama Analizi, tarım, etkinlik, Avrupa Birliği, Türkiye.

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