LEARNING NEEDS OF SURGICAL PATIENTS

Emel YILMAZ, Sultan ÖZKAN
3.459 637

Öz


 

ÖZET

Amaç:  Tanımlayıcı  türdeki  bu  araştırmada  ameliyat  olan  hastaların  taburcu  olmadan  önceki  öğrenim   gereksinimlerinin  belirlenmesi  amaçlandı.    

Yöntem:   Araştırmanın   örneklemini   Türkiye’nin   batı   bölgesindeki   iki   devlet   hastanesinin cerrahi kliniklerinde  ameliyat  olan  575  hasta  oluşturdu.  Veriler,  bireysel  özellikleri  içeren  soru  formu  ve  Hasta  Öğrenim   Gereksinimleri   Ölçeği   (HÖGÖ)   ile   yüz   yüze   görüşme   tekniği   ile   toplandı.   Verilerin   analizi   SPSS   11.0   programında  tanımlayıcı  istatistikler  (sayı,  yüzde,  ortalama,  standart  sapma,  minumum  ve  maksimim)  ve  gruplar   arası  karşılaştırmalar  için  t  testi  kullanılarak  yapıldı.    

Bulgular: Araştırmaya   katılan   hastalar   HÖGÖ’nin   ilaçlar   ve   yaşam   kalitesi   alt   boyutlarından   en   yüksek,  duruma  ilişkin  duygular,  toplum  ve  izlem  alt  boyutlarından  en  düşük  puanı  aldı.  Toplam  HÖGÖ  puanı   ile  hastaneye  acil  veya  planlı  yatma  ve  eğitim  düzeyi  arasında  istatistiksel  olarak  anlamlı  fark  saptandı.  

Sonuç:   Araştırma   bulguları;;   hastaların   ameliyat   sonrası   taburcu   olmadan   önce   ilaçlar   ve   yaşam   kalitesine  yönelik  bilgi  gereksinimleri  olduğunu  gösterdi.  Cerrahi  hemşireleri  ameliyat  sonrası  hastaların  kendi   bakımlarını  sağlayabilmesi  için  gereksinimlerine  göre  bireysel  eğitim  programları  düzenlemelidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Cerrahi hastalar; taburculuk; hasta öğrenim  gereksinimleri ölçeği;;  hastaların  bilgi   ihtiyacı.

ABSTRACT
Learning Needs of Surgical Patients
Objective: In this descriptive study it was aimed to describe learning needs of patients after surgery and

before being discharged.
Methods: The study was conducted at two state hospitals surgery clinic in western Turkey.The sample

of the study consisted of 575 surgical patients. The data were collected by using Patient Learning Needs Scale (PLNS) and demographic data sheet by face to face interviews.The analysis of the data was obtained by using descriptive statistical (frequencies, percentages, means, Standard deviations and range) and Student t test, in SPSS 11.0. Student t test were performed to compare the groups.

Results: Patients indicated how important it was for them to know about each of 50 information items before discharge from hospital.Findings indicated that subjects perceived medication and enhancing quality of life as most important to know and feelings related to condition, community and follow-up as least important.Total PLNS scores with emergency or elective hospital admission, occupation, and level of education was statistically significant.

Conclusion: These findings indicate that surgical patients were information for medications and quality of life needed before discharge from the hospital. Surgical nurses should be organize teaching programs according to their individual needs in order to provide their patients' care.

Key Words: Surgical patients; discharge; patient learning needs scale; Patients’  information  needs. 


Anahtar kelimeler


Cerrahi hastalar; taburculuk; hasta öğrenim  gereksinimleri ölçeği;;  hastaların  bilgi  ihtiyacı

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17049/ahsbd.13594

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