BİR EĞİTİM VE ARAŞTIRMA HASTANESİNDE ÇALIŞAN HEMŞİRE VE DOKTORLARIN HASTA GÜVENLİĞİ HAKKINDAKİ BİLGİLERİ VE TIBBİ HATALARIN BİLDİRİLMESİ HAKKINDAKİ GÖRÜŞLERİ

Hülya SARAY KILIÇ, Nalan ÖZHAN ELBAŞ
3.657 1.438

Öz


 

ÖZET

 

Amaç: Hemşire ve doktorların hasta güvenliği hakkındaki bilgilerinin ve ortaya çıkan veya çıkabilecek hataların bildirilmesi hakkındaki görüşlerinin belirlenmesidir.

 

Yöntem: Araştırma 2008-2009 yılında, bir eğitim ve araştırma hastanesinin dört cerrahi kliniğinde çalışan 142 hemşire ve doktor ile yapılmıştır. Veriler konuda uzman akademik personelin görüşü alınarak hazırlanan anket formu ile toplanmıştır. Anket formu; demografik bilgi formu, vakalar ile hasta güvenliği formu ve hataların bildirilmesi formu olarak üç bölümden oluşmuştur. Verilerin istatistiksel analizlerinde SPSS 15.0 programı kullanılmıştır.

 

Bulgular: Hemşireler; tüm sağlık çalışanının hasta güvenliğinden sorumlu olduğunun farkında iken, doktorlar bu konuda hangi personelin daha fazla sorumluluk aldığı ile ilgili bir ayrım yapmamışlardır. Katılımcılar kendilerine sunulan vakalardaki hasta güvenliği sorununu oluşturan hataları belirleyebilmişler ve önlenebilir olduğunu belirtmişlerdir. Katılımcıların çoğunluğu dört vakada da oluşan hatayı bildireceğini belirtmişlerdir. Hemşirelerin %94.9’u, doktorların da %90.6’sı hataların önlenebilir olduğunu düşünmektedir.

 

Sonuç: Hemşire ve doktorların hasta güvenliği hakkında bilgilerinin yeterli, ancak hataların bildirilmesi ile ilgili eğitime ihtiyaçlarının olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

 

Anahtar Kelimeler: Hasta güvenliği; hataların bildirilmesi; hemşire ve doktor.

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Nurses’ and Doctors’ Knowledge About Patient Safety and Opinion About Error Reporting in an Education and Research Hospital

 

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine nurses’ and doctors’ knowledge about patient safety and opinion about error reporting.

 

Methods: The research was carried out with 142 nurses and doctors who work in the four surgical clinics of a training and research hospital in 2009. The data has been collected with the questionnaire form that was prepared by receiving the opinion of the academic personnel who are specialized in this subject. The questionnaire form was comprised of three parts as demographic information form, events and patient safety and error reporting.  The statistical analyses of the data were carried out by using SPSS 15.0 program.

 

Results: While the nurses are aware of the fact that all the health personnel are responsible for the patient safety, the doctors didn’t make a distinction about which personnel take on more responsibility in this issue. The participants were able to determine the errors that constitute the problem of patient safety in the events that are presented to themselves and they stated that the errors shall be prevented. Most of the participants stated that they would notify the errors that occur in the four events. The nurses (%94.9) and doctors (%90.6) think that the errors are preventable.

 

Conclusion: It has been found out that the knowledge of the nurses and doctors about the patient safety is sufficient; however, they need training regarding error reporting.

 

Keywords: Patient safety; error reporting; nurse and doctor.



Anahtar kelimeler


Hasta güvenliği; hataların  bildirilmesi;; hemşire  ve  doktor.  

Tam metin:

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