ÇOCUK İSTİSMARININ ÖNLENMESİNDE KULLANILAN PROGRAMLAR VE ÖZELLİKLERİ

EMEL BAHADIR YILMAZ
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            Çocuğun büyüme ve gelişmesini engelleyen bir olgu olan çocuk istismarı çok boyutlu bir sorundur. Özellikleri, dinamikleri, nedenleri ve sonuçları bakımından karmaşık bir yapıya sahiptir. Bu nedenle multidisipliner yaklaşımların bir arada uygulanmasını gerektirmektedir. Bu amaçla aileye, okula ve topluma yönelik çocuk istismarını önleme programları geliştirilmektedir. Geliştirilen programların içeriğini, hedef grubunu, özelliklerini bilmek, çocuk istismarının önlenmesinde aktif rol alan toplum ruh sağlığı hemşirelerine önemli bir bakış açısı kazandıracaktır. Bu nedenle bu makalede çocuk istismarını önlemek için yürütülen programlar tartışılacak, farklı alanlarda yapılan çalışmalardan örnekler sunulacak ve ruh sağlığı hemşireleri için önerilerde bulunulacaktır.             Anahtar Kelimeler: Çocuk istismarı; önleme programları; toplum ruh sağlığı hemşireleri.                         ABSTRACT  The Programs and Its Features Used in the Prevention of Child Abuse             Child abuse that is a phenomenon preventing the child’s growth and development, is a multi-faceted problem. It has a complex structure in terms of its characteristics, dynamics, causes, and conseguences. Therefore, it is required that it should be a combination of multidisciplinary approaches. For this purpose, family, school, and community based child abuse prevention programsa re being developed. Knowing the contents, target group, and properties of these programs will provide an important insight for community mental health nurses which play an active rol in the prevention of child abuse. For this reason, in this article, programs implemented to prevent child abuse will be discussed, examples from studies in different areas will be presented, and recommendations for mental health nurses will be offered.             Keywords: Child abuse; prevention programs; community mental health nurses.

Anahtar kelimeler


Çocuk istismarı; önleme programları; toplum ruh sağlığı hemşireleri.

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