İSTANBUL’UN FETHİ SONRASI KURULAN İLK SEMT: “SARAÇHANE” / THE FIRST NEIGHBORHOUD ESTABLISHED AFTER MATH OF ISTANBUL'S CONQUEST; “SARAÇHANE”
Sarachane–the first established restrict of Ottoman İstanbul-has also the feature of being the first restrict where the neighbourhood of Fatih was established. The area which is today known as Şehzadebaşı was in the borders of Sarachane. As people call here Şehzadebaşı because of Şehzadebaşı Mosque it is perceived as a restrict today. It has never been a restrict, but it has been used to show locations. As regards of Sarachane borders, it lays a great wide area. It should be taken into consideration that there had been a military barrack in this border until the abolishment of the Janissary Corps. That a military barrack was settled on main crossroad of the city and near the Sarachane Bazaar which had and important place in Ottoman Economy is very interesting.
The branch of Mese road-traversed through the midds of the city in byzantines time and parted into Edirnekapısı and Yedikule directions after Bayezid time-passed by the restrict which is named as Sarachane today. As in Byzantines time the settlement style of the city was basically on a shape prallel to the sea of Marmara, the way directing to Edirnekapısı was the less inhabited area of the city.
Key Words: Saraç, Fatih, İstanbul, road.